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  Disclaimer and Copyrights

The entire contents of the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery are protected under international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use. LOCKSS system has permission to collect, preserve, and serve this open access Archival Unit.
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Neither the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery nor its publishers nor anyone else involved in creating, producing or delivering the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery (in printed, web or CD format) or the materials contained therein, assumes any liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information provided in the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery (in printed, web or CD format), nor shall they be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages arising out of the use of the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery.

All material published in the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery undergoes peer review to ensure fair balance, objectivity, independence, and relevance to educational need. Neither the editors of the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery, nor its publishers, nor any other party involved in the preparation of material contained in the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery represent or warrants that the information contained herein is in every respect accurate or complete, and they are not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from the use of such material. Patients and consumers reading articles posted on the website of the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery should review the information carefully with their professional healthcare provider. The information is not intended to replace medical advice offered by the physicians. The Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery and its publishers make no representations or warranties with respect to any treatment, action, or application of medication or preparation by any person following the information offered or provided within or through the Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery. The Journal of Spinal Studies and Surgery, and its publishers will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.

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